Evaluating the Cultural Management of Islamic Dressing at Universities (Case research: evaluating the attitude of students (girls and boys) of Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch)

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Qom ,Iran

2 Faculty of Theology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

3 Faculty of Management and Accounting, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran

Abstract

Nowadays, many national problems -especially the cultural and social ones- originate from transnational factors, a trend called globalization, and particularly cultural imperialism. In particular, the arrival of post-modernism and media since the 1960s, and at the same time, changes that have taken place such as feminism, social and sexual movements, and the extension of individualism in the West, have resulted in fundamental changes in the cultural and social environment of communities, which have also affected our society's cultural and social space in recent decades, leading to a phenomenon called "improper hijab". The current paper aims to study the role of universities' cultural management in dealing with expanding dressing patterns and abnormal behavior using the survey procedure method. Subjects of the present study are 370 students of Tehran Central Branch of Islamic Azad University (Valie-Asr University Complex) in the years 2012-2013, who were selected randomly. A questionnaire was prepared for collecting the data. Multivariate regression, correlation, T-test and ANOVA were used in order to test the data. The results suggested that universities' cultural management, which is considered as a role and presented as an independent variable of the current research, has a meaningful and significantly increasing effect on improper hijab as a dependent variable, and the hijab cultural situation in universities can be predicted with its change.    

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی مدیریت فرهنگی پوشش اسلامی در دانشگاه‌ها (مورد مطالعه: دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد تهران مرکز)

Authors [Persian]

  • محمدرسول آهنگران 1
  • اباذر افشار 2
  • محمد قاید 3
1 پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران
2 دانشکده الهیات، دانشگاه فردوسی ، مشهد، ایران
3 دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران قم، ، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

امروزه، بسیاری از معضلات به ویژه فرهنگی و اجتماعی واحدهای ملی، از عوامل فراملی و روند موسوم به جهانی‌شدن و مشخصاً امپریالیسم فرهنگی نشأت می‌گیرد. خصوصاً با ورود به فضای پست‌مدرن و رسانه‌ای در دهة 1960 میلادی و هم‌زمان با وقوع تحولاتی در این برهه مانند جریان نهضت زنان، جنبش‌های اجتماعی، انقلاب جنسی و گسترش فردگرایی در غرب، سبب تحولاتی بنیادین در فضای فرهنگی و اجتماعی جوامع شده که فضای فرهنگی و اجتماعی جامعه ما هم متأثر از این تغییرات و تحولات بوده و گسترش پدیدة موسوم به بدحجابی را در دهه‌های اخیر در پی داشته است. هدف از پژوهش حاضر که با رویة پیمایشی انجام یافته است، بررسی نقش مدیریت فرهنگی دانشگاه‌ها در مقابله با گسترش الگوهای پوششی و رفتاری نابهنجار در جامعة آماری دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد تهران مرکز (مجتمع دانشگاهی ولی عصر(عج)) در سال تحصیلی 1391-1392 بوده است که از بین آنان 370 نفر به شیوة نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌‌ای انتخاب شده‌اند. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات در این پژوهش پرسشنامه است. برای آزمون داده‌ها از روش آماری رگرسیون چند متغیره، ضریب همبستگی، آزمونT و تحلیل واریانس استفاده شده است. نتایج پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که مدیریت فرهنگی دانشگاه‌ها که در قالب نقش و به عنوان متغیر مستقل تحقیق آورده شده، بر متغیر وابسته یعنی بدحجابی و بدپوشی تأثیر معنا‌دار و افزایشی دارد و با تغییر آن می‌توان وضعیت فرهنگ حجاب را در دانشگاه‌ها پیش‏بینی و تبیین کرد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • پوشش
  • فردگرایی
  • فرهنگ
  • مدیریت اسلامی دانشگاه‌
  • مدیریت فرهنگی
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