Implicit Leadership Theories: A Qualitative Study in an Iranian Organization

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

This research aims at discovering the traits and abilities which characterize ideal leaders in the minds of employees in an Iranian context. After employing the strategy of phenomenology to reach the components of ideal leadership, 15 tenured middle managers and employees possessing decent management knowledge in the context were interviewed and after theme analysis, global, basic, and organizing themes were extracted. The results showed that the whole themes could be categorized into two groups of prototypes and anti-prototype. Five of the themes are the prototypes labeled as charismatic, humane oriented, employee’s servant, emotionally mature, and decisive and three of them are the anti-prototype labeled as selfish, deceptive, and narrow-minded. Although some of the components of Implicit Leadership Theories (ILTs) are generalizable, the context can produce some distinct features of ILTs. This research tried to discover implicit leadership theories in an Iranian context. According to the available themes in the literature of ILTs, employee’s servant, emotionally mature and decisive are the three novel prototypes and deceptive and narrow-minded are the new anti-prototypeanti-prototype. Moreover, this is the first study using interview to discover ILTs with the inclusion of data retrieved from participants’ semantic memory.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

نظریه‌های ضمنی رهبری: مطالعه‌ای کیفی در سازمانی ایرانی

Authors [Persian]

  • محمد صادق شریفی راد
  • سعید مرتضوی
  • فریبرز رحیم نیا
  • محمد مهدی فراحی
دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصادی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

هدف این تحقیق کشف ویژگی‌ها و توانایی‌هایی است که از دیدگاه پیروان به رهبران ایرانی تشخص می‌دهد. برای رسیدن به اجزای رهبری ایده‌آل، از پانزده مدیر میانی و کارمندان با سابقه و دارای دانش مدیریتی مناسب مصاحبه به‌عمل آمد. پس از تحلیل مضمون به هشت دسته تقسیم‌بندی شد. این هشت عنوان خود در دو گروه پیش‌الگوهای مثبت و پیش‌الگوهای منفی قرارگرفت. پنج پیش‌الگوی مثبت عبارت است از کاریزماتیک، انسان‌گرا، خدمتگزار کارکنان، دارای بلوغ عاطفی و دارای قدرت تصمیم‌گیری؛ و سه پیش الگوی منفی عبارت است از خودخواه، فریبکار و تنگ‌نظر. اگرچه برخی نظریه‌های ضمنی رهبری قابلیت عمومی‌سازی دارد، ولی بستر مکانی برخی ویژگی‌های متمایز را تولید می‌کند. این تحقیق تلاش دارد که نظریه‌های ضمنی رهبری ایرانی را کشف کند. خدمتگزار کارکنان، دارای بلوغ عاطفی و دارای قدرت تصمیم‌گیری سه پیش‌الگوی مثبت جدید و فریبکار و تنگ‌نظر دو پیش‌الگوی منفی متمایز است. علاوه‌بر این، با توجه به مطالعات صورت گرفته در این زمینه، این مطالعه اولین تحقیق در ایران پیرامون نظریه‌های ضمنی رهبری است که از روش کیفی بهره برده و از حافظة معنایی برای جمع‌آوری داده‌های کیفی استفاده کرده است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • ایران
  • پیش‌الگوهای مثبت
  • پیش‌الگوهای منفی
  • نظریه‌های ضمنی رهبری
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