The Impact of Organizational Culture on Organizational Silence and Voice of Faculty Members of Islamic Azad University in Tehran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty of Management, Tehran North branch, Islamic Azad Universities, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Economics & Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad Universities, Tehran, Iran


Organizational voice and silence are two intertwined strategies in organizations. Organizational voice is an appropriate communicational tool in order to improve the organization. On the other hand, silence can have destructive effects on the decision-making process and organizational changes. Organizational culture is the important factor which facilitates ways of expressing ideas by employees and preventing silence. This applied study was a descriptive-analytical correlational analysis which aimed to investigate the effect of organizational culture on organizational silence and voice of faculty members of Islamic Azad University in Tehran. The population consisted of all faculty members of Islamic Azad universities in Tehran (1308 individuals). In this regard, 317 individuals were selected as a sample size using Morgan Table and stratified random sampling method. In the present study, stratified sampling was related to five branches in different regions (North, South, West, East, and Central branches of Tehran Azad Universities). Data collection was carried out using three standard questionnaires. For data analysis, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) along with Lisrel software was performed. The results of the present investigation indicated that organizational culture had significant impact on organizational silence and voice of faculty members in Islamic Azad University in Tehran.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

تأثیر فرهنگ سازمانی بر سکوت و آوای سازمانی اعضای هیئت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

Authors [Persian]

  • شیما شعله کار 1
  • بهزاد شوقی 2
1 دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران
2 دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

سکوت و آوای سازمانی دو راهبرد درهم‌تنیده در سازمان‌هاست. از طرفی، در راستای ارتقای سازمان، آوای سازمانی ابزار ارتباطی مناسبی است. از طرف دیگر، سکوت آثار مخربی بر روند تصمیم‌گیری و تغییرات سازمانی دارد. در این میان، فرهنگ سازمانی عامل مهمی است که ابراز عقیدة کارکنان در سازمان را تسهیل می‌کند. مطالعة حاضر از نوع کاربردی و جزء پژوهش‌های توصیفی- تحلیلی از نوع همبستگی است که با هدف بررسی تأثیر فرهنگ سازمانی بر سکوت و آوای سازمانی اعضای هیئت علمی واحدهای دانشگاه آزاد شهر تهران انجام پذیرفتهاست. جامعة پژوهش شامل تمام اعضای هیئت علمی (1308 نفر) است. با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان، 317 نفر از آن‌ها با نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. نمونه‌گیری از پنج واحد دانشگاهی در مناطق مختلف تهران (واحدهای دانشگاهی شمال، جنوب، شرق، غرب و مرکز) به‌عمل آمد. داده‌های پژوهش با سه پرسشنامة استاندارد گردآوری شده است. تحلیل داده‌ها با مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری و نرم‌افزار لیزرل انجام پذیرفته است. نتایج حاصل از داده‌­ها نشان داد که فرهنگ سازمانی تأثیر معناداری بر سکوت و آوای سازمانی اعضای هیئت علمی واحدهای دانشگاه آزاد شهر تهران دارد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • آوای سازمانی
  • سکوت سازمانی
  • فرهنگ سازمانی
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