Deviant Workplace Behavior and Job Performance: The Moderating Effect of Transformational Leadership

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty of Management, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh

2 Faculty of Human Resource Management, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh & School of Management, Wuhan University of Technology, PR China


This paper studies the moderating effect of Transformational Leadership (TL) on the relationship between Deviant Workplace Behavior (DWB) and Job Performance (JP). Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire from 288 (n=288) respondents using quota sampling approach. The analysis shows that employees’ DWB negates JP and there is a moderating effect of TL behavior on the relationships of DWB and JP. TL can moderate the behavior of deviant employees which, in turn, contributes to accelerating JP.  This study brings forth implications both for academics and professionals. It encourages more researches from academics on it and robust application of these findings for professionals for the effective utilization of their talents. It also proposes that the punitive approach of dealing with deviant employees requires replacement with appropriate leadership styles.


Main Subjects

Article Title [فارسی]

رفتار انحرافی در محیط کار و عملکرد شغلی: نقش تعدیل‌کننده رهبری تحول‌گرا

Authors [فارسی]

  • محمد هریسار رحمان هولادار 1
  • سهیدار رحمان 1
  • آفتاب الدین 2
1 دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه چیتاگونگ، چیتاگونگ، بنگلادش
2 دانشکده مدیریت منابع انسانی، دانشگاه چیتاگونگ، بنگلادش و دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه ووهان، چین
Abstract [فارسی]

این مقاله نقش میانجی رهبری تحول‌گرا بر رابطه میان رفتار انحرافی در محیط کار و عملکرد شغلی را بررسی می‌کند. داده‌ها از طریق توزیع پرسشنامه میان ۲۸۸ نفر با رویکرد نمونه‌گیری سهمیه‌ای گردآوری شدند. تحلیل داده‌ها نشان می‌دهد رفتار انحرافی در محیط کار بر عملکرد شغلی تأثیر منفی دارد و رهبری تحول‌گرا رابطه میان رفتار انحرافی در محیط کار و عملکرد شغلی را تعدیل می‌کند. رهبری تحول‌گرا قادر است رفتار انحرافی کارکنان را تعدیل کرده و این موضوع به نوبه خود عملکرد شغلی را تسریع می‌کند. این مطالعه مضامینی برای هر دو دسته افراد آکادمیک و متخصصان حرفه در بر دارد. پژوهش حاضر محققین را به واکاوی بیشتر موضوع تشویق می‌کند و کاربردهای زیادی برای متخصصان در زمینه به‌کارگیری اثربخش استعدادهای سازمان دارد. به علاوه، بر اساس نتایج این مطالعه رویکرد تنبیهی در مواجهه با رفتار انحرافی کارکنان باید با سبک رهبری مناسب جایگزین شود.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • رفتار انحرافی
  • عملکرد شغلی
  • رهبری
  • رهبری تحول‌گرا
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