Barriers to Commercialization of Research Findings in Humanities in Iran

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Information Policy Research Group, Information and Society Research Department, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc), Tehran, Iran

2 Electronic Business Research Group, Information Technology Research Department, Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology (IranDoc), Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Nowadays, the changes in the dominant economic models, the emergence of knowledge-based economy and the lack of research budgets have caused the academic and research centers to pay attention to the commercialization of research findings. Although, there exist some studies pertaining to this topic, most of them have dealt with natural sciences rather than humanities and soft technology. To bridge this gap, the current study tries to identify and overcome the barriers to commercialization of research findings in humanities using a contextual theory and an interpretive approach. The study uses qualitative methods in three steps. In the first step, previous studies related to this topic are scrutinized and several barriers to research commercialization are extracted. Then, in the second step, Delphi method is utilized to examine the extent of the influence of each barrier and identify more items. Finally, grounded theory is used to present a conceptual framework for the barriers to research commercialization in humanities. According to the findings, the most important barriers are related to policymaking, legal rights, resources, infrastructure, intrinsic value of humanities, technological nature of humanities, and behavior of the actors.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی موانع تجاری‌سازی دستاوردهای پژوهشی حوزه علوم انسانی در ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • لیلا نامداریان 1
  • علی نعیمی صدیق 2
1 گروه پژوهشی سیاست اطلاعات، پژوهشکده جامعه و اطلاعات، پژوهشگاه علوم و فناوری اطلاعات ایران (ایرانداک)، تهران، ایران
2 گروه پژوهشی کسب‌وکار الکترونیک، پژوهشکده فناوری اطلاعات، پژوهشگاه علوم و فناوری اطلاعات ایران (ایرانداک)، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

امروزه با تغییر اکثر مدل‌های اقتصادی، تجاری‌سازی دستاوردهای پژوهشی دانشگاه‌ها و مراکز پژوهشی به‌دلیل ظهور اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان و کمبود بودجه‌های پژوهشی امری ضروری و حیاتی است. اگرچه در این زمینه مطالعاتی انجام شده‌است، ولی اکثر آن‌ها به نسبت علوم انسانی و فناوری‌های نرم، به علوم طبیعی پرداخته‌اند. در مقاله حاضر با استفاده از یک مدل مفهومی و رویکرد تفسیری، موانع تجاری‌سازی حوزه علوم انسانی، شناسایی می‌گردد. این پژوهش با استفاده از روش کیفی در سه مرحله ارائه می‌گردد. در مرحله اول، با مطالعه پژوهش‌های موجود، محدودیت‌های متعدد شناسایی گردید. در مرحله بعد با استفاده از روش دلفی تاثیر هر یک از این موانع تعیین و برخی از موانع نیز اضافه گردید. سرانجام با استفاه از نظریه داده‌بنیاد، یک چهارچوب مفهومی برای موانع تجاری‌سازی پژوهش در حوزه علوم انسانی ارائه گردید. با توجه به یافته‌های پژوهش عمده این محدودیت‌ها مرتبط با سیاست‌گذاری، حق قانونی، منابع، زیرساخت، ذات حوزه علوم انسانی، ماهیت فناوری حوزه علوم انسانی و رفتار بازیگران می‌باشند. 

Keywords [Persian]

  • تجاری‌سازی
  • موانع
  • علوم انسانی
  • روش دلفی
  • نظریه داده‌بنیاد
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