Analyzing the Interrelationships between Factors Influencing Entrepreneurship Process Based on Grey DEMATEL (Case Study: Iran’s Food Industries)

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Management, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran

2 Department of Mathematics, University of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, Boroujerd, Iran

Abstract

In today’s societies, entrepreneurship has undeniable effects on economic, social, and technological development of countries. In this regard, the Iranian food industry, which includes many specific features, including the vast domestic and regional consumption market, was considered by the researchers in this study. The purpose of this research is to investigate and identify variables and to explain the effective factors on the individual entrepreneurship process in Iran’s food industry. In the first phase of the study, the survey team carried out semi-structured interviews with 13 experts in the domain of food industries. In the second phase of the study, a questionnaire based on the Grey DEMATEL method is available to experts for determining priorities and interrelationships between the factors. Based on the research data, paired comparison analysis questionnaire  has been used. The findings of the research show that among the six categories – individual, personality, occupation, food industry environment, institutional, and environmental factors – the environmental ones were the most influential factors. Also, the individual ones were the most influenced factors and at the same time the most important factor among the ones influencing the process of entrepreneurship in Iran’s food industries.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

تحلیل روابط متقابل میان عوامل موثر بر فرایند کارآفرینی مبتنی بر رویکرد دیمتل خاکستری (مطالعه موردی: صنایع غذائی ایران)

Authors [Persian]

  • حسین خنیفر 1
  • محمد حسین رحمتی 1
  • علی لاهوتیان 1
  • محمدرضا حدادی 2
1 گروه مدیریت ، پردیس فارابی، دانشگاه تهران، قم ، ایران
2 گروه ریاضی، دانشگاه آیت الله العظمی بروجردی، بروجرد، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

در جوامع امروزی کارآفرینی تاثیر انکار­ناپذیری در توسعه‌ی اقتصادی، اجتماعی و فناوری کشور‌ها دارد. در این میان صنایع غذایی ایران که متضمن بسیاری از ویژگی­های خاص از جمله بازار مصرف وسیع داخلی و منطقه ای است مدنظر پژوهشگران در این تحقیق قرار گرفت. هدف این تحقیق، بررسی و شناسایی متغیرها و تبیین عوامل اثرگذار بر فرایند کارآفرینی فردی در صنایع غذائی ایران است. در فاز اول پژوهش پس از مطالعات میدانی وسیع نسبت به مصاحبه با خبرگان اقدام گردیده است. پس از آن، در فاز دوم تحقیق، برای اولین بار در این حوزه پرسشنامه­ای مبتنی بر روش دیمتل خاکستری در اختیار خبرگان قرار گرفته است تا اولویت بندی و روابط بین عوامل مشخص گردد. برای جمع آوری داده­ها، پرسشنامه مقایسات زوجی مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که از میان شش دسته عوامل فردی، شخصیتی، شغلی، محیط صنعت غذا، نهادی و محیطی، عوامل محیطی تاثیرگذارترین عامل است و عوامل فردی تاثیرپذیرترین و در عین حال مهم­ترین عامل در میان عوامل موثر بر فرآیند کارآفرینی در صنایع غذائی ایران است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • فرایند کارآفرینی
  • اعداد خاکستری
  • تکنیک دیمتل
  • صنایع غذائی
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