A review of agent-based modeling (ABM) concepts and some of its main applications in management science

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Progress Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Management and Accounting, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran

3 Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

We live in a very complex world where we face complex phenomena such as social norms and new technologies. To deal with such phenomena, social scientists often use reductionism approach where they reduce them to some lower-lever variables and model the relationships among them through a scheme of equations. This approach that is called equation based modeling (EBM) has some basic weaknesses in modeling real complex systems so that assumptions such as unbounded rationality and perfect information are strongly emphasized while adaptability and evolutionary nature of all engaged agents along with network effects go unaddressed. In tackling deficiencies of reductionism, the complex adaptive system (CAS) framework has been proven very influential in the past two decades. In contrast to reductionism, under CAS framework, complex phenomena are studied in an organic manner where their agents are supposed to be both boundedly rational and adaptive. As the most powerful methodology for CAS modeling, agent-based modeling (ABM) has gained a growing popularity among academics and practitioners. ABMs show how agents’ simple behavioral rules and their local interactions at micro-scale can generate surprisingly complex patterns at macro-scale. Despite a growing number of ABM publications, those researchers unfamiliar with it have to study a number of works to understand (1) why and what of ABM, (2) its differences with EBM (3) its main functionalities in scientific studies and (4) some of its applications in management science. So, this paper’s major contribution is to help researchers particularly those unfamiliar with ABM to get insights regarding its philosophy and use and gain a big picture of it.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

مروری بر مفاهیم مدلسازی عامل محور و برخی از کاربردهای آن در علم مدیریت

Authors [Persian]

  • حسین سبزیان 1
  • محمدعلی شفیعا 1
  • علی بنیادی نائینی 1
  • غلامرضا جندقی 2
  • محمد جواد شیخ 3
1 دانشکده مهندسی پیشرفت، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران
2 دانشکده مدیریت وحسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم ،ایران
3 دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

به عنوان قوی‌ترین متدولوژی مدل سازی سیستم‌های وفقی پیچیده نظیر جوامع، بازارهای مالی و سازمان‌ها، مدل سازی عامل محور در بین اهالی دانشگاه و مجریان صنعتی کاربرد بسیار زیادی یافته است. این مدل ها نشان می دهند که چگونه قواعد ساده عامل ها و تعاملات محلی آنها در مقیاس خرد می تواند منجر به الگوهای واقعأ پیچیده ای در سطح کلان گردد. به رغم انتشارات رو به رشدی که در این زمینه صورت پذیرفته است، محققانی که با این روش آشنا نیستند برای فهم (1) چیستی و چرایی این مدل ها (2) تفاوت آنها با مدل های معادله محور ( 3) کارکردهای آنها در مطالعات علمی و (4) برخی از کاربردهای عمده آنها در علوم مدیریتی، می باید مطالب متعددی را مطالعه کنند. بنابراین، مساعدت اصلی این مقاله آن است که به محققان علوم اجتماعی، بخصوص آنهایی که با این روش آشنا نیستند کمک کند تا با فلسفه و کاربرد این روش اشنا شده و تصویر کلی از آن به دست آورند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • پیچیدگی
  • تقلیل گرایی
  • مدل معادله محور
  • سیستم وفقی پیچیده
  • مدل عامل محور
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