Implicit Leadership Theories (ILTs) and change behaviors: the mediating role of LMX

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Faculty of Management and Economics, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Accounting, Sirjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sirjan, Iran


Capitalizing upon Implicit Leadership Theories (ILTs) and Leader-member exchange (LMX), this research aims to explore the relationship between the congruence of employees’ ILTs and those traits of their managers and employees’ supportiveness, resistance and behavioral creativity for change. After distributing three questionnaires at three points among teachers, 296 participants completed all three questionnaires. Having conducted some confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs), we utilized Latent Congruence Modeling (LCM) to analyze the final proposed models. The findings showed that the congruence has no direct effects on behavioral change responses. However, LMX can function as a full mediator. LMX has significant relationships with employees’ support and resistance for change. Nevertheless, the path coefficient was non-significant for behavioral creativity to change. This study, therefore, extends prevailing follower-centric perspective on leadership and strengthens its essence in organizational change with fundamental socio-cognitive research.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

نظریه های ضمنی رهبری و رفتارهای تغییر: نقش میانجی گر تبادل رهبر_عضو

Authors [Persian]

  • محمد صادق شریفی راد 1
  • سوده حاج حسینی 2
1 دانشکدة مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه ولیعصر رفسنجان، کرمان، ایران
2 گروه حسابداری، دانشکده سیرجان، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، سیرجان، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

با استفاده از نظریه های ضمنی رهبری و تبادل رهبر- عضو ، این تحقیق به دنبال آن است که روابط بین همخوانی بین نظریه های ضمنی رهبری پیروان و آن خصیصه ها برای مدیران آنها از یک طرف و حمایت، مقاومت و رفتار خلاقانه پیروان از طرف دیگر را مورد بررسی قرار دهد. بعد از توزیع سه پرسشنامه در سه نقطه زمانی متفاوت در بین معلم ها، 296 شرکت کننده هر سه پرسشنامه را به صورت کامل پر کردند. پس از انجام یک سری تحلیل عاملی تاییدی، از روش مدلسازی همخوانی مکنون برای تحلیل مدلهای پیشنهادی نهایی استفاده گردید. نتایج نشان داد که این همخوانی تاثیر مستقیم بر روی پاسخ های رفتاری در برابر تغییر ندارد. با این وجود، کیفیت روابط رهبر و پیرو به عنوان یک متغیر میانجی گر کامل عمل می کند. کیفیت روابط بین رهبر و پیرو تاثیر معنا دار بر روی حمایت کارمند و مقاومت در برابر تغییر دارد ولیکن این رابطه برای متغیرهای LMX و خلاقیت برای تغییر معنادار نبود. بنابراین، این مطالعه دیدگاه موجود محوریت پیروان را بسط داده است و اهمیت آن را در تغییر سازمانی با یک تحقیق ادارکی اجتماعی مورد تاکید قرار می دهد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • نظریه های ضمنی رهبری
  • پاسخ های رفتاری در برابر تغییر
  • تبادل رهبر عضو
  • همخوانی
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