A Competency-based Typology of Technology Entrepreneurs: A Systematic Review of the Empirical Studies

Document Type: Research Paper


Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Due to the importance of technology entrepreneurs’ competencies in the creation and development of technological businesses, a distinct stream of research has been dedicated to this subject. However, given the nature of suchlike studies, it is difficult to reach a common understanding of the competencies. In fact, there is a need to provide some systematization to achieve advancements in the field. A review of 87 articles indexed on Scopus about technology entrepreneurs indicates that competencies of technology entrepreneurs can be classified under three groups of technological competencies, entrepreneurial competencies, and managerial competencies. This classification is used for two purposes, namely to categorize the technology entrepreneurs based on their competencies and to recommend new venues of research to study technology entrepreneurs. This paper can help technology entrepreneurs develop their competencies. It will also be useful in identifying entrepreneurs, and in training and developing the competency of academic entrepreneurs, technology incubators, and accelerators.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

یک سنخ‏ شناسی از کارآفرینان فناوری مبتنی بر شایستگی ها بوسیله مرور نظام ‏مند ادبیات

Authors [Persian]

  • محمد صادق برادران
  • جهانگیر یدالهی فارسی
  • سیدرضا حجازی
  • مرتضی اکبری
دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

نقش کسب‏وکارهای جدید فناورانه در توسعه اقتصادی و تحولات اجتماعی غیرقابل‏انکار است. قلب این کسب‏وکارها، کارآفرینان فناوری هستند و بر این اساس، یکی از حوزه‏های پژوهشی اصلی در قلمروی کارآفرینی فناوری را به خود اختصاص داده‏اند. در این پژوهش با اتخاذ رویکرد در حال توسعه شایستگی مبنا در مطالعه کارآفرینان، به مرور و تحلیل ادبیات مرتبط با کارآفرینان فناوری اقدام شده است تا ضمن ارائه تصویری از شایستگی‏های ایشان در ادبیات، مسیرهایی برای پژوهشهای آتی فراهم شود. در این راستا، ضمن مرور سیستماتیک مقالات مرتبط با کارآفرینان فناوری، تحلیل محتوای کیفی 87 مقاله آکادمیک نمایه‏ دار در پایگاه اسکوپوس صورت گرفته است. در راستای اهداف این پژوهش، از این دو استفاده صورت گرفته است. اولا دسته‌بندی کارآفرینان فناوری بر اساس شایستگی‌ها که کاربردهای مختلفی در آموزش، سیاست‌گذاری، سرمایه‎‌گذاری و پشتیبانی دارد. ثانیا پیشنهاد مسیرهای پژوهشی جدید مطالعه کارآفرینان فناوری که در دو بخش موضوع و متدولوژی بحث شده است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • کارآفرین فناوری
  • استارتاپ
  • مرور نظام مند
  • رویکرد شایستگی
  • سنخ شناسی
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