Are Those with Darker Personality Traits more Willing to Corrupt When They Feel Anxious?

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Accounting, Sirjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sirjan, Iran

2 Department of Accounting, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This unprecedented research endeavors to investigate the relationship between dark personality traits (i.e., narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy) and corruption intention through the mediation of anxiety.  Based on the resource conservation theory, it is hypothesized that those higher in dark personality traits are more inclined to corrupt when they feel anxious. Having collected data in the south of Iran from 273 employees of various organizations at two-time points in 2017 and 2018, five months apart, the authors conducted confirmatory factor analysis and used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to acquire the results. In Formative SEM, sub-constructs are considered separately since they may have diverse effects and causes, and hence, require to be considered as disparate variables (Srivastava et al. 2001) and this method is used in various studies in high-quality journals (e.g., Tang et al., 2018; Gentina et l., 2018; Gentina & Tang, 2018). In the formative SEM model, based on the data analysis, Dark Triad was formed through high narcissism and Machiavellianism and low psychopathy.  The findings revealed that the Dark Triad bears a significant indirect positive relationship with corruption intention through anxiety. Anxiety acts as a full mediator between Dark Triad and corruption intention. All in all, this study extended previous research by providing evidence that anxiety can contribute to corruption intention for those with Dark Triad traits.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

آیا افرادی که دارای ویژگی های شخصیت تاریک تری هستند میل بیشتری به فساد در هنگام احساس اضطراب دارند؟

Authors [Persian]

  • سوده حاج حسینی 1
  • زاد اله فتحی 2
  • حسین شفیعی 1
1 گروه حسابداری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سیرجان، سیرجان،ایران
2 گروه حسابداری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

این تحقیق برای اولین بار تلاش دارد که رابطه بین سه مولفه شخصیت تیره (خودشیفتگی، ماکیاولیسمی و جامعه ستیزی ) و قصد انجام فساد را از طریق متغیر میانجی گر اضطراب بررسی نماید. بر اساس نظریه حفظ منابع، فرض بر آن است که افرادی که دارای میزان بالاتری شخصیت تیره هستند، میل بیشتری به ساد هنگام احساس اضطراب دارند. پس از جمع آوری داده از 273 کارمند از سازمان های مختلف، یک سری تحلیل های عاملی و مدل سازی معادلات ساختاری برای دستیابی به نتایج صورت گرفت. در مدل سازی معادلات ساختاری ترکیب کننده و بر اساس تحلیل داده ها، شخصیت نیره توسط میزان بالای خودشیفتگی و ماکیاولیسمی و میزان پایین جامعه ستیزی شکل می گیرد. اضطراب به صورت کامل رابطه بین شخصیت تیره و قصد انجام فساد را میانجی می کند. به صورت کلی، این تحقیق با ارائه شواهدی مبنی بر تاثیر اضطراب برروی قصد انجام فساد در افراد دارای ویژگی های شخصیت تیره، به ادبیات موضوعی موضوعی کمک می نماید.

Keywords [Persian]

  • شخصیت تیره
  • اضطراب
  • قصد انجام فساد
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