Who is an Ideal Organizational Leader in Iran? Examining the Content, Structure, and Consequences of Iranian Implicit Leadership Theories (IILTS)

Document Type: Research Paper


Department of Management, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran


Implicit Leadership Theories (ILTs) are individuals’ perceptions of the traits and behaviors characterizing leaders. Four studies investigated the reliabilities and different types of validities for a scale developed to measure Iranian Implicit leadership Theories (IILTs). Study 1 used a qualitative method to extract the implicit theories of ideal leadership after interviewing 27 experts. The IILTs are represented by a first-order eight-factor model (Inspiring, Supportive, Accountable, Emotionally Mature, Decisive, Self-protective, Deceptive and Narrow-minded), and a second-order two-factor model (Prototypes and Anti-prototypes). In Study 2, exploratory factor analysis was used to identify the factor structure and further refine and examine the internal consistencies of the discovered factors. The analysis proved the factor structure of IILTs. Study 3 tested the convergent and discriminant validities of the developed scale for IILTs, and the results supported the validity of the developed scale. Study 4 investigated incremental and criterion validities via using two variables of LMX and job satisfaction. These studies provide convergent evidence that IILTs is a valid scale to be used in research. Ultimately, future research venues and practical implications are discussed.


Main Subjects

Article Title [فارسی]

چه کسی در ایران یک رهبر سازمانی ایده آل است؟ بررسی محتوا، ساختار و نتایج نظریه های ضمنی رهبری ایرانی

Author [فارسی]

  • محمدصادق شریفی راد
گروه علوم انسانی و اجتماعی ،دانشگاه اردکان،اردکان
Abstract [فارسی]

نظریه های ضمنی رهبری ادراکات فردی از ویژگی ها و رفتارهایی است که به یک رهبر شخصیت می دهند. در این پژوهش، چهار مطالعه به بررسی پایایی و انواع روایی ابزار نظریه های ضمنی رهبر ایرانی پرداخته است. در مطالعه اول، پس از مصاحبه با 27 کارشناس، از روش کیفی برای استخراج نظریه های ضمنی رهبری ایده آل استفاده گردید. نظریه های ضمنی رهبر ایرانی در قالب مدل هشت عامله (الهام بخش، حمایت کننده، مسئول، دارای بلوغ احساسی، تصمیم گیر، خودمحافظ، فریبکار و کوته فکر) و در قالب دو دسته کلی پیش الگوهای مثبت و پیش الگوهای منفی قرار گرفتند. در مطالعه دوم، در جهت تشخیص ساختار عاملی، پالایش و آزمون پایایی درونی عامل های بدست آمده، تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی انجام گردید و ثبات داخلی و عوامل کشف شده مورد تایید قرار گرفتند. در مطالعه سوم، برای ابزار نظریه های ضمنی رهبری ایرانی، اعتبار افتراقی و همگرایی مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند و هر دو تایید گردیدند. در مطالعه چهارم، پس از استفاده از دو متغیر رضایت شغلی و کیفی رابطه رهبر- پیرو، اعتبارهای افزایشی و معیار بررسی شدند. در انتها، مسیر برای تحقیقات آتی معرفی و نکات عملی مورد بحث قرار گرفتند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • نظریه های ضمنی رهبری
  • ایران
  • ویژگی های مثبت
  • ویژگی های منفی
  • نظریه دسته بندی
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