Women Empowerment Through Women Entrepreneurship: A Comparison Between Women Entrepreneurs and Fulltime Housewife in Pakistan

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Scholar, Faculty of Business, Taylors University, Malaysia

2 Faculty of Business, Taylors University, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

3 Lead Researcher, Bina Pavo Family Business Research Institute, Malaysia


Women's empowerment is related to women's decision-making power, easy access to information, and resource control. Women entrepreneurship is in the initial stage in Pakistan. The present study primarily focused on the challenge of women empowerment through entrepreneurship in Pakistan. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data through the survey method. The target population of the study was 120 women of the main cities of Pakistan. The target population was divided into two categories (housewife/ entrepreneur cum housewife). The results highlight that entrepreneurship played a significant role and increased the decision-making power of women entrepreneurs as compared to the housewife. However, women entrepreneurs are facing various obstacles such as less governmental support, complicated bank loan procedures, lack of entrepreneurial education, and market awareness. The governmental support in place of smooth and easily accessible bank loans for women requires enhancing their confidence and control over resources similar to the men. The result highlights that women entrepreneurs have strong decision-making power, fewer mobility issues, autonomy, financial independence, and empowerment. This study will help policymakers to formulate strategies to overcome the obstacles of women entrepreneurship to attain empowerment through entrepreneurship. A women empowerment model is proposed to be followed.


Main Subjects

Article Title [فارسی]

توانمندسازی زنان از طریق کارآفرینی زنان: مقایسه بین زنان کارآفرین و زنان خانه دار در پاکستان

Authors [فارسی]

  • شایسته نور 1
  • فیلزا ام دی عیسی 2
  • لیلانه مهد نور 3
1 دکتر، دانشکده بازرگانی، دانشگاه تیلور، مالزی
2 دانشکده بازرگانی، دانشگاه تیلور. سلانگور دار الاحسان، مالزی
3 محقق ارشد، موسسه تحقیقاتی کسب و کار خانگی بینو پاوو، مالزی
Abstract [فارسی]

توانمندسازی زنان با قدرت تصمیم گیری، سهولت دسترسی به اطلاعات، و کنترل منابع توسط زنان مرتبط است. کارآفرینی زنان در پاکستان در مراحل ابتدایی است. این مطالعه به طور عمده بر چالش توانمندسازی زنان از طریق کارآفرینی در پاکستان متمرکز است. یک پرسشنامه ساخت یافته برای گردآوری داده ها از طریق پیمایش مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. نمونه پژوهش متشکل از 120 زن در شهرهای بزرگ پاکستان بود. نمونه به دو دسته زنان خانه دار و زنانه کارآفرین خانه دار تقسیم شد. نتایج نشان داد که کارآفرینی نقش معناداری داشته و قدرت تصمیم گیری زنان کارآفرین را در مقایسه با زنان خانه دار افزایش می دهد. با این حال، زنان کارآفرین با موانع بسیاری مثل حمایت دولتی کمتر، رویه وامدهی پیچیده بانکها، کمبود آموزشهای مربوط به کار آفرینی، و کمبود آگاهی بازار روبرو هستند. حمایت دولتی به همراه اعطای وامهای بانکی سهل الوصول به زنان می تواند اعتماد به نفس و کنترل آنها روی منابع را هم سطح مردان سازد. نتایج پژوهش نشان می دهد که کارآفرینان زن قدرت تصمیم گیری بالا، مشکلات رفت و آمد کمتر، خودمختاری، استقلال مالی، و توانمندی دارند. این مطالعه به سیاست گذاران کمک می کند تا استراتژی هایی برای غلبه بر موانع کارآفرینی زنان ایجاد کنند تا زنان بتوانند از طریق کارآفرینی به توانمندی برسند. در انتها، یک الگوی توانمندسازی زنان هم ارایه شده است.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • کارآفرینی
  • کارآفرین زن
  • زنان خانه دار تمام وقت
  • زنان
  • توانمندسازی
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