Key Challenges in Big Data Startups: An Exploratory Study in Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Management of Technology, Faculty of Management and Accounting, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran

2 Technology Studies Institute (TSI), Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, HEC Montreal, Montreal, Canada

4 IT research Centre, ICT research institute, Tehran, Iran

5 Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran


Due to the explosion of data in recent years and the increase in its commercial application, big data and its analytics have attracted the attention of governments, academics, and practitioners, especially that of the startups. At the same time, regarding the recent nature of the phenomenon, entrepreneurship literature lacks a thorough understanding of the contextual challenges experienced by big data startups. Therefore, this study aims to contribute to the literature of big data entrepreneurship by identifying the environmental challenges of big data startups and exploring the priority of these challenges in the context of Iran, a developing IT market country. For this purpose, our research method is comprised of two phases: identifying the challenges of big data startups' using in-depth interviews and questionnaire, and prioritizing such challenges based on experts' assessments using a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. Our findings revealed that lack of particular laws and policies for big data, lack of transparency, data mismanagement, financial challenges, technological and educational weaknesses, unawareness of big data advantages, and lack of willingness for utilizing it are the most significant challenges of big data startups in a developing context. The paper concludes with some policy and managerial recommendations for creating a supportive environment for startups.


Main Subjects

Article Title [فارسی]

چالشهای کلیدی استارت آپهای کلان داده : یک مطالعه اکتشافی در ایران

Authors [فارسی]

  • فریده بهرامی 1
  • فاطمه کنعانی 2
  • ایکاترینا تورکینا 3
  • محمدشهرام معین 4
  • میثم شهبازی 5
1 . دپارتمان مدیریت فناوری، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه تهران، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران.
2 پژوهشکده مطالعات فناوری، تهران، ایران.
3 . دپارتمان کارافرینی و نوآوری، مدرسه کسب و کار اچ ای سی مونتریال، مونتریال، کانادا.
4 پژوهشکده فناوری اطلاعات، پژوهشگاه ارتباطات و فناوری اطلاعات، تهران، ایران
5 گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران.
Abstract [فارسی]

به دلیل تولید انفجاری داده در سال‌های اخیر و افزایش کاربرد تجاری آن، کلان‌داده توجه دولت‌ها، پژوهشگران و فعالان اجرایی، به ویژه استارتاپ‌ها را به خود جلب کرده است. با توجه به نوظهور بودن این پدیده ، ادبیات کارآفرینی هنوز فهم کاملی از چالش‌های محیطی استارتاپ‌های کلان‌داده ندارد. این مطالعه با هدف پیش‌برد ادبیات حوزۀ کارآفرینی مبتنی بر کلان‌داده به شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی چالش‌های محیطی استارتاپ‌های کلان‌داده در چارچوب ایران ، به عنوان یک کشور در حال توسعه در بازار فناوری اطلاعات، پرداخته است. برای این منظور، روش پژوهش ما از دو مرحله تشکیل شده است: شناسایی چالش‌های استارت‌آپ‌های کلان داده با استفاده از مصاحبه‌های عمیق و پرسشنامه، و اولویت‌بندی چالش‌های شناسایی‌شده با توجه به "فراگیری" و "اهمیت" آن‌ها در محیط ایران، با تحلیل فازی سلسله مراتبی . براساس نتایج این پژوهش، عدم وجود قوانین و سیاست‌های ویژه برای کلان‌داده، عدم شفافیت ، عدم‌مدیریت داده‌ها، چالش‌های مالی، ضعف فنی و آموزشی، عدم آگاهی از مزایای کلان داده و عدم تمایل به استفاده از آن به عنوان مهم‌ترین چالش‌های استارتاپ‌های کلان‌داده در کشورهای در‌حال‌توسعه است. در انتها، این مقاله با ارائۀ برخی از توصیه‌های سیاست‌گذارانه و مدیریتی جهت ایجاد فضایی حمایتی برای استارت‌آپ‌ها پایان می‌یابد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • کلانداده
  • ای اچ پی فازی
  • چالشهای کلیدی
  • استارت آپ
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