Comparative Analysis of Residents’ Attitudes Toward Sustainable Tourism Development Using a Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Technique

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Faculty of Tourism, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey

2 Department of Tourism Guidance, Faculty of Tourism, Kırklareli University, Kırklareli, Turkey

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to comparatively examine the factors that affect the attitudes of different resident groups (local and foreign) toward sustainable tourism development. In the study, the cause and effect relationship between contextual factors that affect residents’ attitudes toward sustainable tourism development have been analyzed using a multi-criteria decision-making technique for the first time. Moreover, the sub-criteria specifying the environmental, social, economic, and cultural impacts of sustainable tourism were analyzed with the DEMATEL technique. According to the study results, while seasonality was the most affecting factor for the locals, the environmental benefit was the most affecting factor for foreign residents. The factors most affected for the locals were environmental, cultural, and social benefits, and the most affected factors for foreign residents were cultural and social benefits. The results of the study provide important insights for destination planners.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [فارسی]

تحلیل تطبیقی دیدگاه های ساکنین نسبت به توسعه گردشگری پایدار با استفاده از تکنیک تصمیم گیری چند معیاره

Authors [فارسی]

  • اونور سلجوک 1
  • هاتیس کارآکاس 1
  • بیکان چیزل 1
  • شوکرو فرات چیفتچی 2
  • فولیا جوسکوم اوکسوز 1
1 دانشکده گردشگری، دانشگاه آک دنیز، آنتالیا، ترکیه
2 گروه راهنمای گردشگری، دانشکده گردشگری، دانشگاه کرکلارلی، کرکلارلی، ترکیه
Abstract [فارسی]

هدف اصلی این تحقیق بررسی تطبیقی عواملی بود که بر دیدگاه گروه های مختلف ساکنین (بومی و خارجی) نسبت به توسعه گردشگری پایدار تاثیرگذار هستند. در این تحقیق، رابطه علی بین عوامل زمینه ای موثر بر دیدگاه ساکنین نسبت به توسعه گردشگری پایدار برای اولین بار با استفاده از تکنیک تصمیم گیری چند متغیره تحلیل شده است. به علاوه، زیر-معیارهایی که اثرات زیست محیطی، اجتماعی، اقتصادی، و فرهنگی گردشگری را مشخص می کنند با استفاده از تکنیک دیمتال تحلیل شدند. بنابر نتایج به دست آمده، در حالی که فصلی بودن تاثیرگذارترین عامل برای مردم بومی بود، منافع زیست محیطی تاثیرگذارترین عامل برای ساکنین خارجی به حساب می آمد. تحت تاثیرترین عوامل از نظر مردم بومی شامل منافع زیست محیطی، فرهنگی، و اجتماعی بودند و برای ساکنین خارجی منافع فرهنگی و اجتماعی بودند. نتایج این مطالعه نکات مهمی برای برنامه ریزان مقاصد گردشگری به دنبال دارد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • توسعه گردشگری پایدار
  • مردم بومی
  • ساکنین خارجی
  • فصلی بودن
  • دیمتال
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