Resilient Supply Chain Under Risks: A Network and Structural Perspective

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 School of Industrial Engineering, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Meybod University, Meybod, Iran

3 Associate Professor, School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Constant development and change in the supply chain lead the system to meet various risks. Thus, a proper procedure should be adopted to cope with such issues. This study addresses a bi-objective model to design a resilient and robust forward supply chain under uncertainty and multiple disruptions. The investigated objective functions include minimizing the total cost and the total non-resiliency of the network, which is tackled using the ε-constraint method. Notably, resilience strategies and two-stage stochastic programming are respectively considered to cope with disruption and operational risks. Ultimately, some random numerical benchmarked examples are applied to the model to confirm the proposed formulation’s performance. The results indicate that considering risks in the system leads to increased costs, but it would be profitable in the long term. Notably, a resilient chain can prevent system failure and enhance capabilities to reduce risk exposure costs and damages.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [فارسی]

زنجیره تأمین تاب آور تحت ریسک: یک رویکرد مبتنی بر شبکه و ساختار

Authors [فارسی]

  • محمد حسین دهقانی صدرآبادی 1
  • عباسعلی جعفری ندوشن 2
  • علی بزرگی امیری 3
1 دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران
2 استادیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی مهندسی، دانشگاه میبد، میبد، ایران
3 دانشیار، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، پردیس دانشکده فنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

توسعه و تغییرات مداوم در زنجیره تأمین، سیستم را به سمت برخورد با ریسک‌های مختلف سوق می‌دهد. بنابراین‌، باید روشی مناسب برای مقابله با چنین مسائلی اتخاذ شود. این مطالعه به یک مدل دو هدفه برای طراحی یک زنجیره تأمین تاب‌آور و استوار رو به جلو تحت عدم قطعیت و اختلالات متعدد پرداخته است. توابع هدف بررسی شده شامل حداقل‌سازی هزینه­های کل و نا تاب‌آوری کل شبکه می‌باشد که با استفاده از روش محدودیت اپسیلون کنترل می‌شود. قابل ذکر است که استراتژی‌های تاب‌آوری و برنامه‌ریزی تصادفی دو مرحله‌ای به ترتیب برای مقابله با اختلالات و ریسک­های عملیاتی در نظر گرفته شده‌اند. در نهایت برای بررسی کارآیی مدل پیشنهادی، نمونه­های تصادفی تولیده شده است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که در نظر گرفتن ریسک­های عملیاتی در سیستم منجر به افزایش هزینه‌ها می‌شود، اما در بلند مدت سودآور خواهد بود. به طور قابل توجهی، یک زنجیره تاب­آور می‌تواند از خرابی سیستم جلوگیری کند و قابلیت­ کاهش هزینه‌های مواجهه با ریسک و خرابی­ها را  افزایش دهد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • تاب‌آوری زنجیره‌تأمین
  • نا تاب‌آوری شبکه
  • برنامه‌ریزی تصادفی
  • اختلال
  • ریسک عملیاتی
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