A Hybrid Grounded Theory, Fuzzy DEMATEL and ISM Method for Assessment of Sustainability Criteria for Project Portfolio Selection Problems

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


In this paper, a set of sustainability criteria is introduced and a hybrid Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) method is performed in order to identify and classify a set of criteria for selecting a project portfolio. Proposed criteria based on fuzzy DEMATEL technique in an uncertain environment  are assessed to determine the relation among all of the criteria. Moreover, ISM method is used to level the proposed criteria which are effective in the process of selecting the project or not. The results obtained from the proposed method demonstrates that profit, cost, soil, atmosphere, energy, waste and risk are the most effective criteria in selecting project portfolio, especially in construction project selection. Furthermore, environmental issues play an important role in the selection of project portfolio while social issues are not as much significant as others. Technical requirement, water, security, and public utility are less effective criteria in selecting project portfolio. Besides, biodiversity, social integration, and responsibility criteria are the most effected criteria in selecting project portfolio.


Main Subjects

Article Title [فارسی]

ارائه روشی ترکیبی مبتنی بر نظریه داده بنیاد، روش دیمتل فازی و ISM برای ارزیابی معیارهای پایداری انتخاب و ارزیابی پروژه ها

Authors [فارسی]

  • زهرا جلیلی بال 1
  • علی بزرگی امیری 2
1 دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشکدگان فنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

در این مقاله، مجموعه‌ای از معیارهای پایداری معرفی شده و یک روش ترکیبی تصمیم‌گیری چند معیاره (MCDM) به منظور شناسایی و طبقه‌بندی مجموعه‌ای از معیارها برای انتخاب پورتفولیوی پروژه انجام می‌شود. معیارهای پیشنهادی مبتنی بر تکنیک DEMATEL  فازی تحت شرایط عدم قطعیت برای تعیین رابطه بین همه معیارها ارزیابی می‌شوند. همچنین از روش ISM برای سطح بندی معیارهای پیشنهادی که در فرآیند انتخاب پروژه موثر است یا خیر استفاده می شود. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده از روش پیشنهادی نشان می‌دهد که معیارهای سود، هزینه، خاک، جو، انرژی، ضایعات و ریسک در انتخاب سبد پروژه‌ها به‌ویژه در انتخاب پروژه‌های ساختمانی مؤثرترین هستند. علاوه بر این، مسائل زیست محیطی نقش مهمی در انتخاب سبد پروژه ایفا می کنند در حالی که مسائل اجتماعی به اندازه سایرین اهمیت ندارند. نیازهای فنی، آب، امنیت و مصارف عمومی معیارهای کمتر مؤثری در انتخاب سبد پروژه هستند. همچنین معیارهای تنوع زیستی، ادغام اجتماعی و مسئولیت پذیری بیشترین تأثیر را در انتخاب سبد پروژه دارند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • انتخاب پورتفولیوی پروژه
  • پایداری
  • دیمتل
  • پروژه های ساختمانی
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