A Framework for Firm Performance Under the Influence of Knowledge Management and Dynamic Capabilities: Examining the Mediating Role of Sustainable Competitive Advantage

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 PhD Student in Business Policymaking, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

3 MA in Business Administration, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effect of knowledge management (KM) and dynamic capabilities (DCs) on the improvement of the performance of knowledge firms through the mediating role of sustainable competitive advantage (SCA). The study was applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-correlational in terms of nature. A number of knowledge firms in Tehran province were selected as the statistical sample. The optimal sample size was calculated to be 288 people using G-Power software version 3.1. Using a simple random sampling method and through an online survey (Response Rate of 64%), 186 questionnaires were collected. Data analysis was carried out using Smart PLS 3. The findings revealed that KM and DCs enhanced the performance of knowledge firms through strengthening SCA. The current study extends the literature on management by bridging the research gap. It is suggested that creating and applying KM and DCs simultaneously, through SCA, can provide the essential setting for the significant improvement of knowledge firms’ performance and assist managers and policymakers understand how to improve the firm performance (FP) in dynamic environments. This paper is built on the assumptions of the resource-based view and the perspective of the firms’ dynamic capabilities. The findings of the study help firm managers and practitioners to create and maintain a SCA and improve performance through a KM approach and DCs. In addition to theoretical contributions, this study provides a variety of practical advice for managers and policymakers to succeed in applying KM and DCs to achieve better performance.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

ارائه چارچوبی از عملکرد شرکت تحت تأثیر مدیریت دانش و قابلیت های پویا: بررسی نقش میانجی مزیت رقابتی پایدار

Authors [Persian]

  • شاهرخ بیگی 1
  • یسماعیل ملک اخلاق 2
  • رسول نصرت پناه 3
  • محمد صفری 4
1 دانشجوی دکتری سیاست گذاری بازرگانی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران
2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان. رشت. ایران
3 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران
4 استادیار، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

همانطور که در قرن بیست و یکم وارد عصر مدرنیته شده ایم ، بنگاه های دانش بنیان شرکت های نوپایی مبتنی بر نوآوری هستند و منطقا مبتنی بر توسعه ایده های جدید هستند. راه اندازی و توسعه اینگونه مشاغل نیاز به ابزاری منظم و هماهنگ دارد که بتواند مسائل و مشکلات را برطرف کرده و توسعه و راه اندازی مشاغل را که منجر به عملکرد برتر می شود ، تسهیل کند. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی تأثیر مدیریت دانش و قابلیت های پویا در بهبود عملکرد شرکت های دانش بنیان از طریق متغیر میانجی مزیت رقابتی پایدار انجام می شود. این مطالعه از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر ماهیت توصیفی- پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری آن شرکتهای دانش بنیان استان تهران بود. حجم نمونه با استفاده از نرم افزار G-Power نسخه 3.1 288 نفر محاسبه شده است. ابزار سنجش تحقیق ، پرسشنامه ای نرمال با مقیاس پنج درجه ای لیکرت بود که شامل 18 ماده بود. 186 پرسشنامه با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری تصادفی ساده با روش پیمایشی آنلاین (نرخ پاسخ 64٪) جمع آوری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از SPSS 26 و Smart PLS 3 به ترتیب در بخش آمار توصیفی و استنباطی انجام شد. روایی و پایایی پرسشنامه ها تأیید شد. تمام فرضیه ها در سطح اطمینان 99٪ تأیید شدند. یافته ها نشان داد که مدیریت دانش و قابلیت های پویا با تقویت مزیت رقابتی پایدار ، عملکرد شرکت های دانش بنیان را افزایش می دهد. مطالعه فعلی اگرچه یک جهش کوچک به جلو است ، اما با پر کردن شکاف تحقیق ، به توسعه ادبیات مدیریت کمک می کند. ایجاد و بکارگیری همزمان مدیریت دانش و قابلیتهای پویا ، از طریق ایجاد مزیت رقابتی پایدار ، می تواند زمینه لازم را برای بهبود چشمگیر عملکرد شرکتهای دانش بنیان فراهم کند و به مدیران و سیاستگذاران کمک کند تا درک کنند که چگونه عملکرد شرکتها را در محیطهای پویا بهبود بخشند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • عملکرد شرکت
  • مدیریت دانش
  • قابلیت های پویا
  • مزیت رقابتی پایدار
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