Vulnerability Reduction of Technology-Based Business Research in the Last Four Decades: A Bibliometric Analysis

Document Type : Review article

Authors

1 PhD Student, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, University of Westminster, London, UK

4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Natural and man-made disasters have increased the attention of practitioners and researchers to vulnerability. Identifying business vulnerability is one of the basic elements of strategic analysis and public policy. The purpose of this paper is to explore evolutionary pathways to reduce the vulnerability of technology-based businesses. The intellectual structure of this subject was examined using both bibliometric co-occurrence and co-citation analyses. We focused on 629 articles published between 1981 and 2021. This article identifies four specific areas, namely business performance, small business vulnerability, sources of sustainability in business, and adaptation policy assessment. A novel framework was developed based on the most prominent papers identified in co-citation as well as the highly cited papers. The proposed model includes drivers, vulnerability appearance, and vulnerability reduction. This study examines the basis of research concepts, themes, and communities in reducing the vulnerability of technology-based businesses. This article identifies business vulnerability as one of the relevant areas to disaster economics and sustainability studies.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

کاهش آسیب‌پذیری کسب وکارهای فناورمحور در چهار دهه گذشته: یک تحلیل کتاب‌سنجی

Authors [Persian]

  • مهسا کمالی پور 1
  • مرتضی اکبری 2
  • علی‌رضا نظریان 3
  • سید رضا حجازی 4
1 1. دانشجوی دکتری گروه کارآفرینی فناورانه، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2 2دانشیار گروه کارآفرینی فناورانه، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
3 دانشیار دانشگاه وست‌ماینستر، لندن، انگلستان
4 استادیار گروه کارآفرینی فناورانه، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

هدف این مقاله شناسایی مسیرهای تکاملی کاهش آسیب پذیری کسب و کارهای فناورمحور است. ساختار منطقی کاهش آسیب‌پذیری ادبیات کسب و کارهای فناورمحور با استفاده از تحلیل‌های هم‌رخدادی و استنادی کتاب‌سنجی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. در این تحقیق 629 مقاله منتشر شده بین سال‌های 1981 و 2021 بررسی شدند. این مقالات چهار حوزه خاص را مشخص می‌کند. عملکرد کسب و کار، آسیب پذیری کسب و کار کوچک، منابع پایداری در کسب و کار، و ارزیابی سیاست سازگاری. در نهایت یک چارچوب جدید بر اساس مقالات با استناد بالا طراحی شد. مدل پیشنهادی شامل محرک‌ها، ظهور پدیده آسیب‌پذیری و کاهش آسیب‌پذیری است. این مطالعه بنیانها، مفاهیم، و مضامین تحقیقاتی را در کاهش آسیب‌پذیری حوزه کسب و کارهای فناورمحور بررسی می‌کند. این مقاله آسیب‌پذیری کسب‌وکار را به عنوان یکی از حوزه‌های مرتبط با مطالعات پایداری اقتصاد بلایا  مشخص کرده است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • آسیب پذیری کسب و کار
  • استراتژی کاهش آسیب پذیری
  • ظرفیت تطبیقی
  • ظرفیت دگرگونی
  • تجزیه و تحلیل کتاب سنجی
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