A Systematic Literature Review of Organization Resilience, Business Continuity, and Risk: Towards Process Resilience and Continuity

Document Type : Review article


1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Student, Faculty of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Professor of Healthcare Systems Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


This study attempted to review the articles and explore the gaps and challenges in the areas of resilience, business continuity, risk, and process safety with the aim of providing several directions for future research to understand different research directions in these areas with different perspectives. In addition, in this study, the relationship of articles in these areas with each other was examined. In this research project, related studies were reviewed and reported to identify presented frameworks, models, and methods for them. In the first phase, the articles were divided into three categories according to their similarity, namely “maximizing the value of business continuity and resilience,” “maximizing process safety and the effect of risk and resilience factors,” and “minimizing risk and effect of uncertainty.” In the second phase, the appropriate conceptual frameworks titled “research house” based on resilience, business continuity, and risk categories were created for each category. In the third phase, 22 closed codes were obtained by carefully reviewing the articles, and their co-occurrence network was investigated. The main findings of this article were categorizing the studied articles, providing conceptual frameworks resulting from article analysis, and presenting a conceptual model.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

مروری سیستماتیک از تحقیقات حوزه تاب آوری سازمانی، تداوم کسب و کار و ریسک: حرکت به سمت تاب آوری و تداوم فرآیند

Authors [Persian]

  • بختیار استادی 1
  • مهناز ابراهیمی 2
  • محمد مهدی سپهری 3
  • علی حسین زاده کاشان 1
1 دانشیار، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و سیستم‌ها، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و سیستم‌ها، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس ، تهران، ایران
3 استاد، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و سیستم‌ها، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

پژوهش حاضر سعی دارد با مروری بر مقالات و بررسی شکاف‌ها و چالش‌های موجود تحقیقاتی در حوزه‌های تاب‌آوری، تداوم کسب‌وکار، ریسک و ایمنی فرآیند با هدف ارائه چندین جهت برای تحقیقات آتی به درک پژوهش‌های مختلف در این حوزه‌ها با دیدگاه‌های مختلف بپردازد. همچنین در این پژوهش رابطه مقالات این حوزه ها با یکدیگر بررسی شده است. در این پژوهش، پژوهش‌های مرتبط بررسی و گزارش شده است تا چارچوب‌ها، مدل‌ها و روش‌های ارائه‌شده برای آنها شناسایی شود. در مرحله اول، مقالات بر اساس شباهت به سه دسته «به حداکثر رساندن ارزش تداوم کسب‌وکار و تاب آوری»، «به حداکثر رساندن ایمنی فرآیند و تأثیر عوامل ریسک و تاب‌آوری» و «به حداقل رساندن ریسک و تأثیر عدم قطعیت.» در مرحله دوم چارچوب های مفهومی مناسب تحت عنوان خانه تحقیق مبتنی بر سه حوزه تاب‌آوری، تداوم کسب‌وکار، ریسک برای هر دسته ایجاد شده است. در مرحله سوم با بررسی دقیق مقالات بیست و دو کد بسته به دست آمده و شبکه های هم رخدادی آنها بررسی شده است. یافته های اصلی این مقاله، به دست آوردن دسته بندی مقالات مورد مطالعه، ارائه چارچوب های مفهومی حاصل از تحلیل مقاله و همچنین ارائه مدل مفهومی است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • تاب‌آوری
  • تداوم کسب و کار
  • ریسک
  • ایمنی فرایند
  • منابع
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