Empirical investigation of tourists' perceived psychic distance of Iran as a tourism destination

Document Type: Research Paper


Faculty of Administration and Economic Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran


The aim of the current study was to investigate the perceived psychic distance of potential
tourists in relation to Iran as a tourism destination. The concept of psychic distance refers
to perceived similarities/ differences between specific destination and tourist's home
country. The members of couch-surfing virtual community participated in this study. The
statistical data were collected by convenience sampling method. This study contributes to
the body of knowledge by identifying the dimensions of perceived psychic distance in
relation to Iran. The results of exploratory and confirmatory analysis indicated that these
dimensions include infrastructure, culture and legal distance. Furthermore, the result of
one sample t- test revealed that international tourists perceive high psychic distance in
relation to Iran as a tourism destination. In addition, the result of one-way variance
analysis showed that tourists from ten of the world's regions perceived different levels of
psychic distance in relation to Iran. Tourists from the Middle East region perceived less
psychic distance compared to other regions. These findings have several managerial
implications. First, development of Iranian tourism industry requires planning to reduce
perceived psychic distance in terms of infrastructure, culture and legal aspects. Second,
based on the lower psychic distance which is perceived by tourists from the Middle East,
the Iranian tourism policy-makers can consider the region as a more accessible target


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

بررسی تجربی فاصلة روانی ادراک‌شدة گردشگران ایران از مقصد گردشگری

Authors [Persian]

  • علیرضا امامی
  • بهرام رنجبریان
دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان ، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

هدف مطالعة حاضر مفهوم‌سازی و سنجش فاصلة روانی ادراک‌شده از مقصد گردشگری ایران است. مفهوم فاصلة روانی یا روان‌شناختی به شکل وسیعی در بازاریابی بین‌المللی استفاده می‌شود. مقصد گردشگری یکی از پدیده‌هایی است که گردشگران ممکن است آن را دور از خود یا نزدیک به خود ادراک کنند. در این مطالعه با استفاده از روش تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی به استخراج ابعاد فاصلة روانی ادراک‌شده از مقصد ایران پرداخته شده است. سپس، از روش تحلیل عاملی تأییدی به منظور بررسی روایی سازة سه‌بعدی فاصلة روانی بهره گرفته شد. جامعة آماری این پژوهش افراد سفر نکرده به ایران بودند. بدین منظور اعضای شبکة مجازی گردشگری کوچ سرفینگ به عنوان پاسخگویان در نظر گرفته شدند. با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس 620 نفر از مناطق مختلف جهان در مطالعه شرکت کردند. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که فاصلة روانی سازه‌ای سه‌بعدی با ابعاد زیرساختی، فرهنگی و قانونی است. گردشگران مناطق مختلف نیز فاصلة روانی ادراک‌شدة بالایی نسبت به مقصد ایران ادراک می‌کنند. همچنین، نتایج تحلیل واریانس یک عامله نشان می‌دهد بین مناطق مختلف تفاوت معناداری از نظر ادراک فاصلة روانی با مقصد ایران وجود دارد. گردشگران اهل خاورمیانه کمترین فاصلة روانی را نسبت به مناطق دیگر ادراک می‌کنند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • ادراک گردشگر
  • فاصلة روانی
  • مدیریت بازاریابی مقصد
  • مقصد ایران
  • نظریة سطوح استنباط
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