An integrated simulation-DEA approach to multi-criteria ranking of scenarios for execution of operations in a construction project

Document Type: Technical paper

Authors

Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine different scenarios for implementing operations in the pre-construction phase of a project, based on several competing criteria with different importance levels in order to achieve a more efficient execution plan. This paper presents a new framework that integrates discrete event simulation (DES) and data envelopment analysis (DEA) to rank different scenarios for execution of construction operations. First, a simulation model is developed. Then, the model is run several times for each scenario to arrive at a quantitative evaluation of all competing criteria. Finally, DEA is used to compare the efficiency of different scenarios. To the best of the researchers’ knowledge, this is the first study that employs an integrated approach based on computer simulation and DEA to concurrently incorporate several inputs and outputs with different importance levels for ranking scenarios of complex construction operations. Project managers can use this framework for assessment of different scenarios of conducting operations and choose the best one that reduces indices such as resource cost and waste in time, while at the same time enhances other criteria such as resource utilization and labor productivity.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

رتبه‌بندی چندمعیارۀ سناریوهای اجرای عملیات ساخت با استفاده از رویکرد یکپارچة شبیه‌سازی و تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها

Authors [Persian]

  • مجتبی ترابی
  • هاشم محلوجی
دانشکدة مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

هدف از این تحقیق بررسی سناریوهای مختلف اجرای عملیات ساخت پیش از شروع عملیات با هدف دستیابی به برنامة اجرایی مناسب‌تر است، به‌طوری که این رتبه‌بندی بر اساس چندین معیار با سطوح اهمیت متفاوت باشد. این مقاله چارچوبی مرکب از شبیه‌سازی گسستة پیشامد و تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها در رتبه‌بندی سناریوهای اجرای عملیات ساخت ارائه داده است. در این چارچوب ابتدا مدل شبیه‌سازی از سیستم عملیات توسعه داده می‌شود. سپس، مدل شبیه‌سازی به تعداد مناسب برای دستیابی به مقادیر معیارهای ارزیابی عملیات اجرا می‌شود. در نهایت، مدل تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها کارایی نسبی سناریوهای مختلف را با توجه به مقادیر به‌دست آمده برای معیارهای ارزیابی محاسبه می‌کند. بر اساس مرور پیشینه، این تحقیق برای اولین بار از رویکرد یکپارچه بر اساس شبیه‌سازی رایانه‌ای و تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها برای در نظر گرفتن چندین معیار هم‌زمان با سطوح اهمیت و متفاوت در رتبه‌بندی سناریوها استفاده می‌کند. مدیران پروژه از این چارچوب برای ارزیابی سناریوهای مختلف اجرای عملیات و انتخاب سناریوهای مناسب‌تر می‌توانند استفاده کنند، به‌طوری که در سناریوهای مناسب‌تر، شاخص‌هایی مانند هزینة منابع و اتلاف زمان مقدار کمتر و به‌طور هم‌زمان شاخص‌هایی مانند بهره‌وری کارگران و ضریب اشتغال منابع مقدار بیشتری داشته باشد. 

Keywords [Persian]

  • پایدارسازی جداره
  • تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها
  • رتبه‌بندی چندمعیاره
  • شبیه‌سازی
  • عملیات ساخت
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