Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Cross-Country Study of Northern Europe and the Danube Region

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

UCP Business School, Faculty of Management Studies, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Abstract

The increasing importance of entrepreneurship for flourishing economic progression, innovation and job creation have raised the concerns of decision makers and researchers for the investigation of the dynamics that could have an influence on the entrepreneurial activity levels. Indeed, transformations in entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial activity levels are considerable, persistent and distinctive in their history in different regions, particularly in Europe. This study extends Ajzen’s (1991) theory of planned behavior by developing a highly integrated conceptual framework to analyze the entrepreneurial intentions by analyzing individualistic and collectivistic dimensions to entrepreneurship. This framework determines how both dimensions influence the entrepreneurial intentions. This incorporates the significant role of individualism and collectivism along with entrepreneurial capability, social status and social norms across European countries. The study analyzed the cross-cultural applicability of the proposed model across Northern Europe and the Danube Region by using Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) databases. Structural equation modeling is applied to overcome the limitations of past research studies. The study also provides practical implications for entrepreneurship academicians and policy makers. Specifically, developing awareness and knowledge about entrepreneurship would improve self-efficacy and ultimately entrepreneurial intentions.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

عوامل انگیزشی کارآفرینی: مطالعه فرهنگی کشورهای اروپای شمالی و منطقه دانوب

Authors [Persian]

  • امبیرین خورشید
  • فیسل مصطفی
  • ماهام فاطیما
  • فیزا خالد
یو سی پی دانشکده کسب و کار، دانشکده مطالعات مدیریت، دانشگاه پنجاب مرکزی، لاهور، پاکستان
Abstract [Persian]

اهمیت فزاینده کارآفرینی برای شکوفایی پیشرفت اقتصادی، نوآوری و ایجاد اشتغال، نگرانی‌های صاحب نظران و محققان به منظور بررسی پویا که می تواند بر سطح فعالیت های کارآفرینی موثر باشد را مطرح کرده است. در حقیقت تغییرات در فعالیت های کارآفرینی در مناطق مختلف بویژه در اروپا بسیار حایز اهمیت می باشد. این مطالعه، نظریه رفتاری برنامه ریزی شده Ajzen (1991) را با توسعه یک چارچوب مفهومی برای تحلیل اهداف کارآفرینی از طریق تجزیه و تحلیل ابعاد فرد گرایانه و کارآفرینی، گسترش می دهد. این چارچوب تعیین می کند که چگونه هر دو بعد بر روی اهداف کارآفرینی موثر می باشد. این امر نقش قابل توجهی از فردگرایی و جمع گرایی را در کنار قابلیت های کارآفرینی، وضعیت اجتماعی و هنجارهای اجتماعی در کشورهای اروپایی در بر می گیرد. این مطالعه، با استفاده از پایگاه داده های سازمان جهانی کارآفرینی (GEM)، قابلیت کاربرد متقابل فرهنگ، مدل پیشنهادی برای شمال اروپا و منطقه دانوبا  را مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار می دهد. مدل سازی معادلات ساختاری برای غلبه  بر محدودیت های تحقیقاتی گذشته مورد استفاده قرار می گیرد. همچنین دراین تحقیق مفاهیم کاربردی برای دانشگاهیان و سیاست گذاران کارآفرینی ارائه شده و به طور خاص، افزایش آگاهی و دانش کارآفرینی، بهبود خودکارآمدی و در نهایت مفهوم کارآفرینی را بهبود خواهد بخشید.

Keywords [Persian]

  • اهداف کارآفرینی
  • شمال اروپا
  • منطقه دانوب
  • تجزیه و تحلیل فرهنگی متقابل
  • الهام کارآفرینی
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