Impact of Human Resource Investment on Labor Productivity in Indonesia

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Faculty of Economics & Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia

2 Faculty of Economics and Business, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta, Indonesia


This study examines the impact of human capital on productivity of labor in Indonesia, using the ARDL analysis data method. This study uses the variable of human capital with a proxy level of labor education, the health status of labor and labor productivity. The data used are sourced from World Bank publications in the period of 1981-2014. The outputs of the analysis with the method of ARDL show that the short-run analyses of primary, secondary, tertiary education variables and health variables have a significant positive impact on labor productivity. In contrast, the long-run analysis including only primary and secondary educations showed a significant positive influence on labor productivity while tertiary education variables have a significant negative effect. The labors’ health variable has a positive but not significant effect. This shows that the quality of human capital in Indonesia is still a problem for labor productivity.


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