Impact of Human Resource Investment on Labor Productivity in Indonesia

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Faculty of Economics & Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia

2 Faculty of Economics and Business, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

This study examines the impact of human capital on productivity of labor in Indonesia, using the ARDL analysis data method. This study uses the variable of human capital with a proxy level of labor education, the health status of labor and labor productivity. The data used are sourced from World Bank publications in the period of 1981-2014. The outputs of the analysis with the method of ARDL show that the short-run analyses of primary, secondary, tertiary education variables and health variables have a significant positive impact on labor productivity. In contrast, the long-run analysis including only primary and secondary educations showed a significant positive influence on labor productivity while tertiary education variables have a significant negative effect. The labors’ health variable has a positive but not significant effect. This shows that the quality of human capital in Indonesia is still a problem for labor productivity.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

تاثیر سرمایه گذاری در نیروی انسانی بر بهره وری نیروی کار در اندونزی

Authors [Persian]

  • رزیانا بهارین 1
  • رِزقون حلال سیاه آجی 2
  • اسحاق یوسف 1
  • ناصر مُهد سوکانی 1
1 دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه کبانگسان مالزی، بانگی، مالزی
2 دانشکده اقتصاد و بازرگانی، دانشگاه اسلامی ملی سیارف هدایت الله، جاکارتا، اندونزی
Abstract [Persian]

پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از روش تحلیل ARDL به بررسی اثر سرمایه انسانی بر بهره وری نیروی کار در اندونزی می پردازد. این مطالعه از متغیر سرمایه انسانی به همراه سطح جایگزین آموزش نیروی کار، وضعیت سلامت نیروی کار، و بهره وری نیروی کار استفاده می کند. داده های مورد استفاده از مطالب منتشر شده توسط بانک جهانی بین سالهای 1981 تا 2014 به دست آمده است. نتایج تحلیل مبتنی بر روش ARDL نشان داد که تحلیل های کوتاه مدت شامل متغیرهای مربوط به تحصیلات ابتدایی، دبیرستانی، و دانشگاهی و همچنین متغیرهای مربوط به بهداشت تاثیر مثبت و معناداری بر بهره وری نیروی کار دارند. در مقابل، تحلیل طولانی مدت شامل تحصیلات ابتدایی و دبیرستان اثر مثبتی بر بهره وری نیروی کار داشت در حالی که متغیر تحصیلات دانشگاهی به اثر منفی معنادار منجر می شد. اگرچه متغیر سلامت نیروی کار واجد اثر مثبت بود، اما این اثر معنادار نیست. این مسئله نشان می دهد که کیفیت سرمایه انسانی در اندونزی هنوز هم مشکلی پیش روی بهره وری نیروی کار است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • سرمایه انسانی
  • آموزش
  • سلامت
  • بهره وری نیروی کار
  • ARDL
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