Psychological Capital: The Role of Attachment (Case Study: Tehran Children’s Hospital)

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

One of the most important issues in the field of organizational behavior studies is the identification of positive psychological resources and capacities, which considerably affect individuals’ job performance. Therefore, the present research aims to study and identify the effects of attachment on psychological capital. With regard to the purpose, this research is applied and in regard to data collection method, it is descriptive/analytic and of correlational type. The analysis is carried out based on Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The study was done at Tehran Children’s Hospital, in which a sample of 176 personnel filled out the questionnaire. In this research, the validity of attachment and psychological capital measurement models was evaluated by Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Also, the results of the structural model suggested the significant effect of attachment on the dimensions of psychological capital. It is noteworthy that between the two dimensions of attachment, i.e. avoidance and anxiety, avoidance is more explanatory. Finally, it is notable that attachment theory is one of the most important theories in OB/HR; this has critical consequences for variables like psychological capital.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

سرمایه‌ی روان‌شناختی شغلی: نقش دلبستگی (مورد مطالعه: بیمارستان کودکان تهران)

Authors [Persian]

  • کامیار رئیسی فر
  • محمّدرضا اخوان انوری
دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

یکی از مهمترین مسائل حوزه‌ی مطالعات رفتار سازمانی، شناسایی منابع و ظرفیت‌های روان‌شناختی مثبت‌گراست که بر عملکرد فرد تأثیر قابل ملاحظه‌ای دارد. بدین منظور، هدف تحقیق حاضر شناسایی تأثیر دلبستگی بر سرمایه‌ی روان‌شناختی شغلی است. در این راستا تحقیق حاضر از منظر هدف کاربردی و از منظر گردآوری داده‌ها توصیفی/تحلیلی و از شاخه‌ی مطالعات همبستگی مبتنی بر مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) است. پژوهش حاضر در بیمارستان کودکان تهران انجام گرفته است و حجم نمونه‌ی انتخابی 176 نفر می‌باشد. در این تحقیق روایی مدل‌های اندازه‌گیری دلبستگی و سرمایه‌ی روان‌شناختی شغلی به وسیله تحلیل عاملی بررسی شده است. همچنین، نتایج مدل ساختاری حاکی از آن است که دلبستگی اثر معناداری بر سرمایه‌ی روان‌شناختی شغلی دارد. شایان ذکر است، از میان دو بعد دلبستگی یعنی اضطراب و اجتناب، اجتناب تبیین‌گری بیشتری دارد. در نهایت، قابل ذکر است که نظریه‌ی دلبستگی یکی از مهمترین نظریه‌ها در حوزه‌ی OB/HR است که پیامدهای مهمی برای متغیرهایی نظیر سرمایه روان‌شناختی شغلی دارد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • تئوری دلبستگی
  • سرمایه‏‌ی روان‏شناختی شغلی
  • مدل معادلات ساختاری
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