The Mediating Role of Employee Work Engagement in the Relationship between Leadership Psychological Skills and Employee Voice Behavior

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Phd Student, Faculty of Ecinimics and Administrative Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Management Department, Faculty of Humanities, University of Gonabad, Gonabad, Iran

Abstract

Intensified competitiveness in global markets has directed most organizations toward retaining their employees as their most important intangible assets, because losing such individuals can impose huge costs to them. Therefore, managers do their best to keep employee satisfaction. For this purpose, they need to understand the needs of their employees and the organization’s conditions. In such a situation, employees’ positive voice behavior is of utmost importance for managers as it helps enhance their awareness. Therefore, it is essential to identify the factors inducing this behavior. Given that workplace comfort might shape employee voice behavior (EVB) and managers with leadership psychological skills (LPSs) can create a state of calmness for these individuals, as highlighted in previous research, the present study reflected on the relationship between the effects of LPSs on EVB. As employee work engagement (EWE) can be also influenced by LPSs and consequently shape EVB, the mediating role of this variable in the relationship between LPSs and EVB was further discussed. To meet the research goals, a total number of 310 employees working in Iranian food industry companies were employed as the study sample. Structural equation modeling (SEM) and the LISREL software were used for data analysis purposes. The study results ultimately demonstrated that LPSs could affect EVB when mediated by EWE.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [فارسی]

نقش میانجی درگیری کاری کارکنان در رابطه بین مهارت‌های روانشناختی رهبری و رفتار آوایی کارکنان

Authors [فارسی]

  • آرزو سادات هاشمی امین 1
  • یوسف رمضانی 2
1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصادی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
2 استادیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده علوم انسانی، مجتمع آموزش عالی گناباد، گناباد، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

تشدید رقابت در بازارهای جهانی، اکثر سازمان­ها را به سمت حفظ کارکنان خود به عنوان مهم ترین دارایی­های نامشهود سوق داده است، زیرا از دست دادن چنین افرادی می­تواند هزینه­های زیادی را بر آنها تحمیل کند. بنابراین مدیران تمام تلاش خود را می­کنند تا رضایت کارکنان را حفظ کنند و برای این منظور باید نیازهای کارکنان خود و شرایط سازمان را درک کنند. در چنین شرایطی، رفتار آوایی مثبت کارکنان برای مدیران بسیار مهم است زیرا به افزایش آگاهی آنها کمک می­کند. بنابراین شناسایی عوامل ایجاد کننده این رفتار ضروری است. با توجه به اینکه راحتی در محل کار ممکن است رفتار آوایی کارکنان را شکل دهد و ،همانطور که در تحقیقات قبلی مشخص شد، مدیران دارای مهارت­های روانشناختی رهبری می­توانند حالت آرامش را برای این افراد ایجاد کنند؛ مطالعه حاضر رابطه بین تاثیر مهارت­های روانشناختی رهبری بر رفتار آوایی کارکنان را نشان می‌دهد. از آنجایی که درگیری کاری کارکنان می­تواند تحت تأثیر مهارت­های روانشناختی رهبری قرار گیرد، و در نتیجه رفتار آوایی کارکنان را شکل دهد، نقش واسطه­ای این متغیر در رابطه بین مهارت­های روانشناختی رهبری و رفتار آوایی کارکنان بیشتر مورد بحث قرار گرفت. برای دستیابی به اهداف پژوهش، تعداد 310 نفر از کارکنان شاغل در شرکت­های ایرانی فعال در صنایع غذایی به عنوان نمونه مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری و نرم‌افزار LISREL  نیز به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. در نهایت نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که مهارت­های روانشناختی رهبری می‌تواند بر رفتار آوایی کارکنان به واسطه درگیری کاری کارکنان تأثیر بگذارد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • مهارت های روانشناختی رهبری
  • رفتار آوایی کارکنان
  • درگیری کاری کارکنان
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