The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership and Employee Performance: Mediating Effects of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors

Document Type : Research Paper


Business and Management Department, Tishk International University, Sulaimani, Iraq


Transformational leaders are accepted as part of the most influential leaders on the employee favorable outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of transformational leadership with employee performance and citizenship behaviors. Further, it examined the correlation between the sub-dimensions of transformational leadership (TL) and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB). To achieve this, 399 participants were selected through convenience sampling method, and data was collected from them using a survey questionnaire. According to the findings, inspirational motivation had significant and positive effects on employee performance (EP). Furthermore, OCB affected EP partially, while courtesy and conscientiousness had significant positive impacts on EP. Concerning the relationship between TL and OCB, individual consideration was found to have significant and positive effects on courtesy and civic virtue, but not on sportsmanship and conscientiousness, while idealized influence was not found to have any significant relationship with OCB dimensions. Finally, in terms of the OCB’s mediation, individual consideration was shown to have an indirect effect on EP via conscientiousness.


Main Subjects

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