Exploring the Relationship Between Internationalization and Entrepreneurial University: The Mediating Effect of Education in University of Tehran, Sharif University of Technology, and Tarbiat Modares University

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Internationalization is one of the most critical indicators for universities, and universities are the main players in entrepreneurial ecosystems. Although many studies have focused on the components of internationalization, so far off little attention has been paid to the role of entrepreneurship in university development simultaneously with the mediating role of education. Therefore, the present study set out to investigate whether internationalization affects the entrepreneurial university with the mediating role of education in Iranian universities or not. To collect data, a questionnaire was distributed among 171 individuals, including managers and faculty members in the fields of international activities and entrepreneurship. The findings suggest that the components of internationalization, including technology, human resources, finance, communications, and innovation, all have a positive impact on an entrepreneurial university as mediated by education. The human resource management component has the greatest impact on an entrepreneurial university with a mediating role of education. In addition, findings show that universities need to focus on the internal activities, more resources, and executive agents to find a better position. In this way, they can identify significant resources that can be used to develop universities.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی رابطۀ بین بین‌المللی‌سازی و دانشگاه کارآفرین: اثر میانجی آموزش در دانشگاه تهران، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف و دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

Authors [Persian]

  • مهدی تاج پور
  • بابک ضیاء
  • محمدحسن مبارکی
  • مهران رضوانی
دانشکدۀ کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

بین المللی سازی یکی از مهمترین نشانه های دانشگاه ها است، و دانشگاه ها اصلی ترین بازیگران اکوسیستم‌های کارآفرینانه هستند. اگرچه تحقیقات بسیاری بر مولفه های بین المللی سازی متمرکز شده اند، تا کنون توجه ناچیزی به نقش کارآفرینی در توسعه دانشگاه همگام با نقش میانجی آموزش در این رابطه شده است. بنابراین، مطالعه حاضر به دنبال بررسی این نکته بود که آیا بین المللی سازی از طریق آموزش بر بدل شدن دانشگاه های ایرانی به دانشگاه های کارآفرین اثر می گذارد یا خیر. برای جمع آوری داده ها، پرسشنامه‌ای بین 171 فرد شامل مدیران و اعضای هیئت علمی فعال در حوزه های فعالیت های بین المللی و کارآفرینی توزیع شد. نتایج نشان می دهد که مولفه های بین المللی سازی شامل فناوری، منابع انسانی، منابع مالی، ارتباطات، و نوآوری اثر مثبتی بر دانشگاه کارآفرین از طریق نقش میانجی آموزش داشته و مولفه مدیریت سرمایه انسانی بیشترین اثر را بر یک دانشگاه کار افرین از طریق نقش میانجی گرانه آموزش دارد.  به علاوه، نتایج نشان می دهد که دانشگاه ها باید بر فعالیت های داخلی، منابع بیشتر، و عوامل اجرایی متمرکز شوند تا موقعیت بهتری در این زمینه کسب کنند. به این طریق، آنها می توانند منابع مهمی را برای توسعه خود شناسایی نمایند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • بین المللی سازی
  • دانشگاه کارآفرین
  • کارآفرینی
  • مالی
  • تکنولوژی
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